Übersetzung für 'kerosene' im kostenlosen Italienisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für kerosene im Online-Wörterbuch bio-tox.eu ( Deutschwörterbuch). bio-tox.eu | Übersetzungen für 'kerosene' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen.
It is widely used as a fuel in industry as well as households. Its name derives from Greek: It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage.
Liquid paraffin called mineral oil in the US is a more viscous and highly refined product which is used as a laxative.
Paraffin wax is a waxy solid extracted from petroleum. Kerosene is widely used to power jet engines of aircraft jet fuel and some rocket engines and is also commonly used as a cooking and lighting fuel and for fire toys such as poi.
In parts of Asia, kerosene is sometimes used as fuel for small outboard motors or even motorcycles. To prevent confusion between kerosene and the much more flammable and volatile gasoline , some jurisdictions regulate markings or colorings for containers used to store or dispense kerosene.
For example, in the United States, Pennsylvania requires that portable containers used at retail service stations for kerosene be colored blue, as opposed to red for gasoline or yellow for diesel fuel.
The American Society for Testing and Materials standard specification D recognizes two grades of kerosene: Heat of combustion of kerosene is similar to that of diesel fuel ; its lower heating value is In the United Kingdom, two grades of heating oil are defined.
BS Class C1 is the lightest grade used for lanterns, camping stoves, wick heaters, and mixed with gasoline in some vintage combustion engines as a substitute for tractor vaporising oil.
BS Class C2 is a heavier distillate, which is used as domestic heating oil. Premium kerosene is usually sold in 5-orliter 1.
Standard kerosene is usually dispensed in bulk by a tanker and is undyed. National and international standards define the properties of several grades of kerosene used for jet fuel.
Flash point and freezing point properties are of particular interest for operation and safety; the standards also define additives for control of static electricity and other purposes.
In his Kitab al-Asrar Book of Secrets , the physician and chemist Razi described two methods for the production of kerosene, termed naft abyad "white naphtha" , using an apparatus called an alembic.
One method used clay as an absorbent , whereas the other method used ammonium chloride sal ammoniac. The distillation process was repeated until most of the volatile hydrocarbon fractions had been removed and the final product was perfectly clear and safe to burn.
Kerosene was also produced during the same period from oil shale and bitumen by heating the rock to extract the oil, which was then distilled.
Although "coal oil" was well known by industrial chemists at least as early as the s as a byproduct of making coal gas and coal tar, it burned with a smoky flame that prevented its use for indoor illumination.
In cities, much indoor illumination was provided by piped-in coal gas , but outside the cities, and for spot lighting within the cities, the lucrative market for fueling indoor lamps was supplied by whale oil , specifically that from sperm whales , which burned brighter and cleaner.
Canadian geologist Abraham Gesner claimed that in , he had given a public demonstration in Charlottetown , Prince Edward Island of a new process he had discovered.
He coined the name "kerosene" for his fuel, a contraction of keroselaion , meaning wax-oil. He was blocked from using it by the New Brunswick coal conglomerate because they had coal extraction rights for the province, and he lost a court case when their experts claimed albertite was a form of coal.
There, he secured backing from a group of businessmen. Manufacture of kerosene under the Gesner patents began in New York in and later in Boston —being distilled from bituminous coal and oil shale.
In , Scottish chemist James Young experimented with oil discovered seeping in a coal mine as a source of lubricating oil and illuminating fuel.
When the seep became exhausted, he experimented with the dry distillation of coal, especially the resinous "boghead coal" torbanite.
He extracted a number of useful liquids from it, one of which he named paraffine oil because at low temperatures, it congealed into a substance that resembled paraffin wax.
Young took out a patent on his process and the resulting products in , and built the first truly commercial oil-works in the world at Bathgate in , using oil extracted from locally mined torbanite, shale, and bituminous coal.
In , he took out a United States patent for the same invention. These patents were subsequently upheld in both countries in a series of lawsuits, and other producers were obliged to pay him royalties.
He distilled this by a process of his own invention from crude oil. He also invented a new lamp to burn his product.
At first, Kier simply dumped the useless oil into the nearby Pennsylvania Main Line Canal , but later he began experimenting with several distillates of the crude oil, along with a chemist from eastern Pennsylvania.
Many people knew of his work, but paid little attention to it. On the night of 31 July , doctors at the local hospital needed to perform an emergency operation, virtually impossible by candlelight.
The lamp burned so brightly and cleanly that the hospital officials ordered several lamps plus a large supply of fuel.
The increased supply of petroleum allowed oil refiners to entirely side-step the oil-from-coal patents of both Young and Gesner, and produce illuminating oil from petroleum without paying royalties to anyone.
As a result, the illuminating oil industry in the United States completely switched over to petroleum in the s. The petroleum-based illuminating oil was widely sold as Kerosene, and the trade name soon lost its proprietary status, and became the lower-case generic product "kerosene".
In the United Kingdom, manufacturing oil from coal or oil shale continued into the early 20th century, although increasingly overshadowed by petroleum oils.
As kerosene production increased, whaling declined. The American whaling fleet, which had been steadily growing for 50 years, reached its all-time peak of ships in By , just two years later, the fleet had dropped to ships.
The Civil War cut into American whaling temporarily, but only whaling ships returned to sea in , the first full year of peace, and that number dwindled until only 39 American ships set out to hunt whales in Electric lighting started displacing kerosene as an illuminant in the late 19th century, especially in urban areas.
However, kerosene remained the predominant commercial end-use for petroleum refined in the United States until , when it was exceeded by motor fuels.
The rise of the gasoline-powered automobile in the early 20th century created a demand for the lighter hydrocarbon fractions, and refiners invented methods to increase the output of gasoline, while decreasing the output of kerosene.
In addition, some of the heavier hydrocarbons that previously went into kerosene were incorporated into diesel fuel. Kerosene kept some market share by being increasingly used in stoves and portable heaters.
In , kerosene made up about 0. At one time the fuel, also known as heating oil in the UK and Ireland, was widely used in kerosene lamps and lanterns.
Although it replaced whale oil , the edition of Elements of Chemistry said, "The vapor of this substance [kerosene] mixed with air is as explosive as gunpowder.
In less-developed countries kerosene is an important source of energy for cooking and lighting. In Ankara standen wir dann etwa vier Stunden auf dem Rollfeld, als der Pilot uns mitteilte, dass bei der.
The GNF and the Kenyan Living Lakes partner organisation have been working together for years at Lake Victoria to rep la c e kerosene l a mp s used for night fishing with environmentally friendly solar lamps that can be refuelled during the day at solar energy stations.
Strong global demand and the fact that the airlines. Eine starke Nachfrage weltweit, die Tatsache, dass. Provided these essentials are met, Dr.
In order to correct this distortion of competition in the transport market and reflect the true cost of transport, we advocate the.
In developing countries, over million households use traditional biomass for cooking and heating; 25 million. As a result, one-time employees managed to set up their own.
Conversely, the increase in the percentage of operating costs accounted for. Modern commercial aircraft fly more than three times the distance with.
Passt nicht zu meiner Suche. Calls on the Commission to propose measures to restrict as far as possible the adverse effects of the growth in aviation; calls on the Commission to support all measures which may be taken by the airlines and the aviation industry to achieve a [ In view of the good start to the first quarter in spite of intense competition and rising liquidity costs, we believe that we will be able to expand our business even further and increase our earnings Ongoing globalization and the solid economic growth seen in booming regions such as Asia and the Middle East will continue to drive the transportation markets The high oil prices remain a challenge, particularly to the aviation industry, but airlines are alleviating this [ Content of the [ W he r e kerosene , d ie sel fuel or liquefied [ English Even now, without kerosene duty, the airports in the EU are locked in fierce competition.
English - This motion for a resolution calls, inter alia, for a kerosene tax and for kilometre charges for motor cars.
English The question of a flight tax or a kerosene tax, which we have discussed once or twice, is somewhat more difficult.
English It also goes without saying that kerosene should be taxed. English Unilateral measures at national level such as airline-ticket taxes and kerosene taxes will not work.
English NASA has announced the launching of a programme to find solutions for improving kerosene. English Yet again, the age-old favourite of kerosene tax has popped up, another way of sneaking it in through the back door.
English Focusing our discussion exclusively or primarily on the kerosene tax is unlikely to solve the problem.Kerosin als auch zu einem einheitlichen Kontrollsystem für den Luftraum gestellt und diesbezügliche Redebeiträge gehalten. Aus dem Umfeld der Suche petroleumkerosine. Orthographisch ähnliche Wörter kerosine. Januar an die Wer spielt heute alles fussball von EUR je l. Quattro piccoli motori, 22 kg di spinta ognuno, turbine che funzionano a kerosene. Kerosin zu Rinas Haus gebracht hat. Ansichten Kerosene deutsch Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Petroleumdämpfe sind wesentlich schwerer als Luft und können mit dieser explosionsfähige Gemische bilden. Das Kerosin verhindert, dass die Früchte erfrieren. Es gibt tüv rheinland plus gmbh unbegreifliche Ausnahme, die in flagrantem Trikotverkäufe bundesliga zu dieser Regel steht, die Freistellung von Kerosin für die Zivilluftfahrt. Januar nicht weniger als EUR game casino je l betragen. Sie haben Feedback zu unseren Online Wörterbüchern? Here I am thinking in particular of the kerosene used in aviation. Beispielsätze aus externen Quellen für "kerosene" nicht von der Langenscheidt Redaktion geprüft. Jahrhundert wurde es hauptsächlich als Brennstoff für Petroleumlampen verwendet, bevor es durch elektrischen Strom abgelöst wurde.
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